The Northern Canada Vessel Traffic Services Zone Regulations (NORDREG) and the Law of the Sea

James Kraska

Professor, Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, US Naval War College, Newport, RI, USA

【Abstract】 This article explores the nature of Canada’s laws and regulations governing the Northern Canada Vessel Services Zone Regulations (nordreg) within the context of the international law of the sea. It provides context for the response to nordreg by the United States, and forecasts the impact of nordreg on future shipping regulations in the Arctic Ocean more generally. As Arctic nations develop shipping regulations, Canadian statutes—and their intersection with the international law of the sea and the rules adopted by the International Maritime Organization—are instructive for ensuring safety and security in the unique marine polar environment. 

【Keyword】shipping;Canada;Arctic;Northern Canada Vessel Services Zone Regulations (nordreg);United States;losc Article 234;Law of the Sea Convention;law of the sea