We are pleased to present this second volume of the Arctic Human Development Report: Regional Processes and Global Linkages (AHDR-II). The report was initiated by the Stefansson Arctic Institute in 2010, and together with the Icelandic representation on the Sustainable Development Working Group (SDWG) of the Arctic Council it was presented to the Council in 2011 for project endorsement. The startup work on this second volume was met with great enthusiasm, including by members of the Arctic Council, Parliamentarians of the Arctic Region, the scientific community and educators throughout the North.